Hopping and Flipping of RNA Polymerase on DNA during Recycling for Reinitiation after Intrinsic Termination in Bacterial Transcription

Two fully completely different molecular mechanisms, sliding and hopping, are employed by DNA-binding proteins for his or her one-dimensional facilitated diffusion on nonspecific DNA areas until reaching their specific purpose sequences. Whereas it has been controversial whether or not or not RNA polymerases (RNAPs) use one-dimensional diffusion in concentrating on their promoters for transcription initiation, two newest single-molecule analysis discovered that post-terminational RNAPs use one-dimensional diffusion for his or her reinitiation on the similar DNA molecules.

Escherichia coli RNAP, after synthesizing and releasing product RNA at intrinsic termination, largely stays positive on DNA and diffuses in every forward and backward directions for recycling, which facilitates reinitiation on shut by promoters. However, it has remained unsolved which mechanism of one-dimensional diffusion is employed by recycling RNAP between termination and reinitiation. Single-molecule fluorescence measurements on this analysis reveal that post-terminational RNAPs endure hopping diffusion all through recycling on DNA, as their one-dimensional diffusion coefficients improve with rising salt concentrations.

We furthermore uncover that reinitiation can occur on promoters positioned in sense and antisense orientations with comparable efficiencies, so reinitiation effectivity depends upon completely on distance reasonably than route of recycling diffusion. This further discovering confirms that orientation change or flipping of RNAP with respect to DNA successfully occurs as anticipated from hopping diffusion. The RNA world hypothesis describes a state of affairs the place adolescence varieties relied on RNA to govern every inheritance and catalyze useful chemical reactions.

Earlier to the emergence of enzymes capable of replicating the RNA genome, a nonenzymatic replication course of would have been important to impress Darwinian Evolution. However, the one-pot nonenzymatic RNA chemical copying of templates with mixed-sequences is insufficient to generate strand merchandise prolonged adequate to encode useful carry out. Utilizing alternate (RNA-like) genetic polymers would possibly overcome hurdles associated to RNA copying, and extra our understanding of nonenzymatic copying chemistry. This protocol describes the nonenzymatic copying of RNA templates into N3’→P5′ phosphoramidate DNA (3′-NP-DNA).

Dicer-like proteins have an effect on Arabidopsis root microbiota unbiased of RNA-directed DNA methylation

Crops are naturally associated to root microbiota, which are microbial communities influential to host well being. Thus, it is extremely vital understand how crops administration root microbiota. Epigenetic parts regulate the readouts of genetic information and consequently many vital natural processes. However, it has been elusive whether or not or not RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM) impacts root microbiota assembly. By making use of 16S rRNA gene sequencing, we investigated root microbiota of Arabidopsis mutants defective inside the canonical RdDM pathway, along with dcl234 that harbors triple mutation inside the Dicer-like proteins DCL3, DCL2, and DCL4, which produce small RNAs for RdDM. Alpha selection analysis confirmed reductions in microbe richness from the soil to roots, reflecting the selectivity of crops on root-associated micro organism.
The dcl234 triple mutation significantly decreases the levels of Aeromonadaceae and Pseudomonadaceae, whereas it’ll improve the abundance of many alternative micro organism households inside the root microbiota. However, mutants of the other examined key avid gamers inside the canonical RdDM pathway confirmed associated microbiota as Col-0, indicating that the DCL proteins affect root microbiota in an RdDM-independent technique. Subsequently gene analysis by shotgun sequencing of root microbiome indicated a selective stress on microbial resistance to plant safety inside the dcl234 mutant.

In keeping with the altered plant-microbe interactions, dcl234 displayed altered characters, along with the mRNA and sRNA transcriptomes that collectively highlighted altered cell wall group and up-regulated safety, the decreased cellulose and callose deposition in root xylem, and the restructured profile of root exudates that supported the alterations in gene expression and cell wall modifications. Our findings reveal an important place of the DCL proteins in influencing root microbiota through built-in regulation of plant safety, cell wall compositions, and root exudates. Our outcomes moreover reveal that the canonical RdDM is dispensable for Arabidopsis root microbiota. These findings not solely arrange a connection between root microbiota and plant epigenetic parts however as well as highlight the complexity of plant regulation of root microbiota. Video abstract.

Hopping and Flipping of RNA Polymerase on DNA during Recycling for Reinitiation after Intrinsic Termination in Bacterial Transcription

Noncoding RNAs involved in DNA Methylation and Histone methylation, and acetylation in Diabetic Vascular Issues

Diabetes is a metabolic dysfunction and its incidence continues to be rising. Diabetic vascular points set off predominant diabetic mobility and embody accelerated atherosclerosis, nephropathy, retinopathy, and neuropathy. Hyperglycemia contributes to the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular points by means of fairly a couple of mechanisms along with the induction of oxidative stress, irritation, metabolic alterations, and irregular proliferation of EC and angiogenesis. Before now decade, epigenetic modifications have attracted further consideration as they participate inside the growth of diabetic vascular points no matter managed glucose ranges and regulate gene expression with out altering the genomic sequence.

DNA methylation and histone methylation, and acetylation are vital epigenetic modifications and their underlying mechanisms in diabetic vascular complication are nonetheless urgently wished to be investigated. Non-coding RNAs (nc RNAs) harking back to micro RNAs (miRNAs), prolonged non-coding RNA (lncRNAs), and spherical RNAs (circ RNAs) have been found to exert transcriptional regulation in diabetic vascular complication. Although nc RNAs aren’t thought-about as epigenetic components, they’re involved in epigenetic modifications.

Their cross-talks may present novel insights into the pathology of diabetic vascular points. Earlier analysis have reported that nucleic acid methylation is a crucial side in coronary heart issues, and most analysis primarily focused on sequencing and biochemical evaluation. Proper right here we developed an Extraordinarily effectivity liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry  methodology for the quantification analysis of the dissociative epigenetic modified nucleosides in Myocardial Infarction (MI) SD rats from fully completely different durations (1 week, 4 weeks, eight weeks) after the surgical process.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Small Intestine: Duodenum

P1236101Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Small Intestine: Ileum

P1236227Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Small Intestine: Jejunum

P1236230Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Small Intestine

C1236226Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Liver

R1236149Lcs-50 50 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Small Intestine: Duodenum

C1236101Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Small Intestine: Ileum

C1236227Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Small Intestine: Jejunum

C1236230Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Colon

R1236090Lcs-50 50 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Kidney

R1236142Lcs-50 50 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Lung

R1236152Lcs-50 50 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Diaphragm

R1236169Lcs-50 50 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Pancreas

R1236188Lcs-50 50 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Rectum

R1236206Lcs-50 50 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Spleen

R1236246Lcs-50 50 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Lupus: Small Intestine

R1236226Lup-50 50 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Liver

P1236149Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total RNA from Human Tumor Tissue: Small Intestine

R1235226-10 10 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Mouse Normal Tissue: Small Intestine

R1334226-50 50 ug
EUR 214
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Rat Normal Tissue: Small Intestine

R1434226-50 50 ug
EUR 214
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Small Intestine, from a single donor

D1236226Lcs 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Human Adult Normal Tissue: Small Intestine

R1234226-50 50 ug
EUR 178
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Monkey (Rhesus) Normal Tissue: Small Intestine

R1534226-50 50 ug
EUR 194
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Monkey (Cynomolgus) Normal Tissue: Small Intestine

R1534226-Cy 50 ug
EUR 194
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Adrenal

P1236004Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Appendix

P1236006Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Brain

P1236035Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Colon

P1236090Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Esophagus

P1236106Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Gallbladder

P1236118Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Heart

P1236122Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Kidney

P1236142Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Lung

P1236152Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Diaphragm

P1236169Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Pancreas

P1236188Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Prostate

P1236201Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Rectum

P1236206Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Skin

P1236218Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Spleen

P1236246Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Testis

P1236260Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Thyroid

P1236265Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total RNA from Human Adult Normal Tissue: Small Intestine: Duodenum

R1234101-50 50 ug
EUR 178
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Human Adult Normal Tissue: Small Intestine: Ileum

R1234227-50 50 ug
EUR 178
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Human Adult Normal Tissue: Small Intestine: Jejunum

R1234230-50 50 ug
EUR 178
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Monkey (Rhesus) Normal Tissue: Small Intestine: Duodenum

R1534101-50 50 ug
EUR 316
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Monkey (Cynomolgus) Normal Tissue: Small Intestine: Duodenum

R1534101-Cy 50 ug
EUR 316
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Monkey (Rhesus) Normal Tissue: Small Intestine: Ileum

R1534227-50 50 ug
EUR 194
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Lymph Node

P1236161Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Spinal Cord

P1236234Lcs 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total RNA from Lupus: Liver

R1236149Lup-50 50 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Human Adult Normal Tissue 5 Donor Pool: Small Intestine

R1234226-P 50 ug
EUR 328
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total Protein from Human Tumor Tissue: Small Intestine

P1235226 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Mouse Normal Tissue: Small Intestine

P1334226 1 mg
EUR 214
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Liver

C1236149Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total Protein from Human Adult Normal Tissue: Small Intestine

P1234226 1 mg
EUR 214
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Human Tumor Tissue: Small Intestine: Duodenum

P1235101 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Human Diabetic Tissue: Small Intestine: Duodenum

P1236101Dia 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Human Diabetic Tissue: Small Intestine: Ileum

P1236227Dia 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Human Diabetic Tissue: Small Intestine: Jejunum

P1236230Dia 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Membrane Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Liver

P3236149Lcs 0.1 mg
EUR 408
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Liver Cirrhosis: Liver

T2236149Lcs 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Total RNA from Human Tumor Tissue: Liver

R1235149-50 50 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Mouse Normal Tissue: Liver

R1334149-50 50 ug
EUR 152
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Rat Normal Tissue: Liver

R1434149-50 50 ug
EUR 152
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total Protein from Human Adult Normal Tissue: Small Intestine: Duodenum

P1234101 1 mg
EUR 214
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Human Adult Normal Tissue: Small Intestine: Ileum

P1234227 1 mg
EUR 214
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Human Adult Normal Tissue: Small Intestine: Jejunum

P1234230 1 mg
EUR 214
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Brain

C1236035Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Colon

C1236090Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Esophagus

C1236106Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Heart

C1236122Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Kidney

C1236142Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Lung

C1236152Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Diaphragm

C1236169Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Pancreas

C1236188Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Skin

C1236218Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Spleen

C1236246Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Human Adult Normal Tissue: Liver

R1234149-50 50 ug
EUR 178
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Monkey (Rhesus) Normal Tissue: Liver

R1534149-50 50 ug
EUR 194
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Monkey (Cynomolgus) Normal Tissue: Liver

R1534149-Cy 50 ug
EUR 194
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

FFPE Total RNA - Human Adult Normal Tissue: Liver

R2234149 1 ug
EUR 628
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

cDNA from Lupus: Small Intestine

C1236226Lup 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Human Small Intestine Endothelial Cells

HEC15 500,000+ Cells Frozen
EUR 1080

Human Small Intestine Tumor lysate

HTL-1338 1 mg
EUR 773

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Lymph Node

C1236161Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Spinal Cord

C1236234Lcs 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Membrane Protein from Liver Cirrhosis: Pancreas

P3236188Lcs 0.1 mg
EUR 408
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Frozen Tissue Section - Liver Cirrhosis: Esophagus

T1236106Lcs 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Liver Cirrhosis: Prostate

T1236201Lcs 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Liver Cirrhosis: Heart

T2236122Lcs 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Liver Cirrhosis: Kidney

T2236142Lcs 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Liver Cirrhosis: Lung

T2236152Lcs 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Liver Cirrhosis: Pancreas

T2236188Lcs 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Liver Cirrhosis: Spleen

T2236246Lcs 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Mouse Small Intestine Whole tissue lysate

MAL-1408 1 mg
EUR 524

Rat Small Intestine Whole tissue lysate

RAL-1468 1 mg
EUR 524

Genomic DNA from Liver Cirrhosis: Liver, from a single donor

D1236149Lcs 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Human Adult Normal Tissue: Liver: Left Lobe

R1234150-50 50 ug
EUR 178
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Human Adult Normal Tissue: Liver: Right Lobe

R1234151-50 50 ug
EUR 178
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Human Total PSA (t-PSA) ELISA Kit

PRB-5049-TOTAL 96 assays
EUR 572

RNA isolater Total RNA Extraction Reagent

R401-01 100 ml
EUR 133

Green RNA Lysis Kit 50

GREENE1-RNA 50pack
EUR 180
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of small, tough samples. Pack of 50, 1.5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with beads. RNase free.

Green RNA Lysis Kit 250

GREENE5-RNA 250pack
EUR 571
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of small, tough samples. Pack of 250, 1.5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with beads. RNase free.

Navy RNA Lysis Kit 50

NAVYE1-RNA 50pack
EUR 198
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of large, tough samples. Pack of 50, 1.5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with stainless steel beads. RNase free.

Navy RNA Lysis Kit 250

NAVYE5-RNA 250pack
EUR 651
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of large, tough samples. Pack of 250, 1.5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with stainless steel beads. RNase free.

Pink RNA Lysis Kit 50

PINKE1-RNA 50pack
EUR 178
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of small, soft or medium-tough samples. Pack of 50, 1.5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with stabilized ceramic beads. RNase free.

Pink RNA Lysis Kit 250

PINKE5-RNA 250pack
EUR 561
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of small, soft or medium-tough samples. Pack of 250, 1.5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with stabilized ceramic beads. RNase free.

Red RNA Lysis Kit 50

REDE1-RNA 50pack
EUR 192
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of large, soft or medium-tough samples. Pack of 50, 1.5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with stabilized ceramic beads. RNase free.

Red RNA Lysis Kit 250

REDE5-RNA 250pack
EUR 622
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of large, soft or medium-tough samples. Pack of 250, 1.5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with stabilized ceramic beads. RNase free.

YELLOW RNA Lysis Kit 50

YELLOWE1-RNA 50pack
EUR 192
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of small cell suspensions (ex - E. coli). Pack of 50, 1.5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with stabilized ceramic beads. RNase free.

YELLOW RNA Lysis Kit 250

YELLOWE5-RNA 250pack
EUR 624
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of small cell suspensions (ex - E. coli). Pack of 250, 1.5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with stabilized ceramic beads. RNase free.

cDNA from Mouse Normal Tissue: Small Intestine

C1334226 40 reactions
EUR 540
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Rat Normal Tissue: Small Intestine

C1434226 40 reactions
EUR 540
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Dog Normal Tissue: Small Intestine

C1734226 40 reactions
EUR 376
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Probable Small Intestine Urate Exporter (SLC17A4) Antibody

20-abx312468
  • EUR 411.00
  • EUR 1845.00
  • EUR 599.00
  • EUR 182.00
  • EUR 300.00
  • 100 ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 20 ug
  • 50 ug
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

Total RNA from Human Adult Normal Tissue: Liver, Ambient temperature shipping

ATR1234149-50 50 ug
EUR 190
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Human Adult Normal Tissue 5 Donor Pool: Liver

R1234149-P 50 ug
EUR 328
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total Protein from Lupus: Liver

P1236149Lup 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total RNA Extraction Kit

K2014005 1 kit
EUR 344
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total RNA Isolation Kit

P-9100 50 samples
EUR 347.25
Description: The best epigenetics products

5E GREEN RNA Lysis Kit 100

GREEN5E100-RNA 100pack
EUR 386
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of small, tough samples. Pack of 1000, 5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with beads. RNase free.

5E GREEN RNA Lysis Kit 20

GREEN5E20-RNA 20pack
EUR 138
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of small, tough samples. Pack of 20, 5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with beads. RNase free.

Green RINO RNA Lysis Kit 50

GREENR1-RNA 50pack
EUR 184
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of small, tough samples. Pack of 50, 1.5mL RINO screw-cap tubes prefilled with beads. RNase free.

Green RINO RNA Lysis Kit 250

GREENR5-RNA 250pack
EUR 587
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of small, tough samples. Pack of 250, 1.5mL RINO screw-cap tubes prefilled with beads. RNase free.

5E Navy RNA Lysis Kit 100

NAVY5E100-RNA 100pack
EUR 453
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of large, tough samples. Pack of 100, 5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with stainless steel beads. RNase free.

5E Navy RNA Lysis Kit 20

NAVY5E20-RNA 20pack
EUR 153
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of large, tough samples. Pack of 20, 5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with stainless steel beads. RNase free.

Navy RINO RNA Lysis Kit 50

NAVYR1-RNA 50pack
EUR 202
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of large, tough samples. Pack of 50, 1.5mL RINO screw-cap tubes prefilled with stainless steel beads. RNase free.

Navy RINO RNA Lysis Kit 250

NAVYR5-RNA 250pack
EUR 666
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of large, tough samples. Pack of 250, 1.5mL RINO screw-cap tubes prefilled with stainless steel beads. RNase free.

5E PINK RNA Lysis Kit 100

PINK5E100-RNA 100pack
EUR 380
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of small, soft or medium-tough samples. Pack of 100, 5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with stabilized ceramic beads. RNase free.

5E PINK RNA Lysis Kit 20

PINK5E20-RNA 20pack
EUR 136
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of small, soft or medium-tough samples. Pack of 20, 5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with stabilized ceramic beads. RNase free.

Pink RINO RNA Lysis Kit 50

PINKR1-RNA 50pack
EUR 181
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of small, soft or medium-tough samples. Pack of 50, 1.5mL RINO screw-cap tubes prefilled with stabilized ceramic beads. RNase free.

Pink RINO RNA Lysis Kit 250

PINKR5-RNA 250pack
EUR 576
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of small, soft or medium-tough samples. Pack of 250, 1.5mL RINO screw-cap tubes prefilled with stabilized ceramic beads. RNase free.

5E RED RNA Lysis Kit 100

RED5E100-RNA 100pack
EUR 429
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of large, soft or medium-tough samples. Pack of 100, 5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with stabilized ceramic beads. RNase free.

5E RED RNA Lysis Kit 20

RED5E20-RNA 20pack
EUR 148
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of large, soft or medium-tough samples. Pack of 20, 5mL Eppendorf Safe-Lock tubes prefilled with stabilized ceramic beads. RNase free.

Red RINO RNA Lysis Kit 50

REDR1-RNA 50pack
EUR 195
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of large, soft or medium-tough samples. Pack of 50, 1.5mL RINO screw-cap tubes prefilled with stabilized ceramic beads. RNase free.

Red RINO RNA Lysis Kit 250

REDR5-RNA 250pack
EUR 638
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of large, soft or medium-tough samples. Pack of 250, 1.5mL RINO screw-cap tubes prefilled with stabilized ceramic beads. RNase free.

YELLOW RINO RNA Lysis Kit 50

YELLOWR1-RNA 50pack
EUR 199
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of small cell suspensions (ex - E. coli). Pack of 50, 1.5mL RINO screw-cap tubes prefilled with stabilized ceramic beads. RNase free.

YELLOW RINO RNA Lysis Kit 250

YELLOWR5-RNA 250pack
EUR 656
Description: Bead lysis kits for the homogenization of small cell suspensions (ex - E. coli). Pack of 250, 1.5mL RINO screw-cap tubes prefilled with stabilized ceramic beads. RNase free.

Liver Cancer Exosome RNA

P241-LV NULL
EUR 0

FFPE and Frozen Matching Pair Total RNA: Human Adult Normal Tissue: Liver

R8234149-FP 2x1 ug
EUR 1361
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Matching Pair - Total RNA from Human Primary and Metastatic Tumor Tissue: Liver

R8235149-PM-10 2x10 ug
EUR 650
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Matching Pair - Total RNA from Human Primary Tumor and Normal Tissue: Liver

R8235149-PP-10 2x10 ug
EUR 439
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

The samples for analysis have been obtained from coronary coronary heart tissue and blood of the rats. All the quantification outcomes are in distinction with the sham-operated group. Complete RNA and DNA have been isolated by enzymatic hydrolytic methods sooner than the UPLC-MS/MS analysis. The statistical analysis demonstrates the dynamic modifications of modified nucleosides in MI rats, and it confirmed good specificity, accuracy, stability and fewer samples have been wished inside the methodology. On this overview, we summarized the investigations of non-coding RNAs involved in DNA methylation and histone methylation and acetylation.